Muscle Sprains & Tears
In Singapore

doctor img
Dr Chiam Tut Fu image

MBBS (Singapore)

MSS (Sports Medicine) (USA)

MMed (OM) (Singapore)

GDOM (Singapore)

DWD (Singapore)



Muscle strains and tears are common injuries in sports medicine. They can occur in any muscle but are most prevalent in those that cross two joints, such as the hamstrings and calf muscles. Understanding these injuries can help in prevention, effective treatment, and successful return to activity.

Understanding Muscle Strains and Tears

Muscle strains and tears can occur due to overstretching, overuse, or a forceful contraction, particularly during sports activities. The anatomy involved includes the muscle fibres themselves and the tendons that attach the muscle to bone.


Common causes and risk factors include:

  • Overuse: Repeatedly using the same muscle can lead to strains and tears.
  • Insufficient Warm-Up: Not properly warming up before physical activity can leave muscles vulnerable to injury.
  • Poor Flexibility: Muscles that are not flexible have a higher risk of being strained or torn.
  • Muscle Imbalance: When one muscle group is much stronger than its opposing group, the imbalance can lead to a strain.

Types of Muscle Strains and Tears

Muscle strains and tears can occur in various parts of the body, often associated with specific joints. Here are some common types:

  • icon
    Hamstring Strains

    These occur in the three muscles at the back of the thigh. A hamstring strain can happen with activities that involve running, jumping, or sudden stopping and starting.

  • icon
    Quadriceps Strains

    The quadriceps are the large muscles at the front of the thigh. Strains here often occur during sprinting, jumping, or kicking.

  • icon
    Calf Strains

    Also known as a 'pulled calf', this affects the muscles at the back of the lower leg. It's common in sports that involve running and jumping.

  • icon
    Groin Strains

    These strains affect the muscles of the inner thigh. They're common in sports that involve side-to-side movements, such as hockey or football.

  • icon
    Rotator Cuff Tears

    The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons in the shoulder. Tears here can occur due to overuse or a sudden injury, often in sports that involve throwing or swimming.

  • icon
    Bicep Tendon Tears

    These can occur at the shoulder or elbow and are common in weightlifting or sports that involve throwing.

  • icon
    Achilles Tendon Tears

    The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. Tears can occur due to overuse or sudden increases in training intensity, often in running or jumping sports.

  • icon
    Ankle Sprains and Strains

    These injuries can occur when the foot turns inward, placing extreme tension on the ligaments of the outer ankle. They are common in sports that involve running, jumping, or sudden changes in direction.

  • icon
    Wrist Sprains and Strains

    Can occur due to a fall onto an outstretched hand or from repetitive strain, such as in sports that involve throwing or racquet sports.

  • icon
    Neck Strains and Sprains

    May occur due to sudden movements that force the neck into an extreme position, such as in contact sports like football, or from overuse in sports that require constant neck movement.



Typical symptoms of muscle strains and tears include:

  • Pain: This is often immediate and located at the site of the injury.
  • Swelling: The injured area may become swollen due to inflammation.
  • Bruising: Blood vessels may rupture due to the injury, causing bruising.
  • Weakness: The affected muscle may be weaker, making it difficult to use.

Diagnosis of Muscle Sprains & Tears

  • icon
    Medical History

    The doctor will ask about the circumstances of the injury and any previous similar injuries.

  • icon
    Physical Examination

    The doctor will examine the injured area for signs of a strain or tear.

  • icon
    Imaging Tests

    In some cases, an X-ray, ultrasound, or MRI may be used to confirm the diagnosis and assess the severity of the injury.

Minimally Invasive Treatments We Use To Treat
Muscle Sprains & Tears


An injection that alleviates pain and inflammation associated with musculoskeletal conditions such as arthritis, bursitis, tendinitis and joint pain.

Targeted pain relief in the administered area and reduced inflammation.

Little to no recovery time. Patients may resume their normal activities promptly.

Works well in chronically injured tissues which may have very slow recovery

Anti-inflammatory and regenerative effects

Little or no downtime and patients can walk out after the 30 min procedure

Treats flare-ups of OA pain and swelling with fluid buildup in the knee

Reduces inflammation in the joint

Can quickly relieve these symptoms, usually within 1-3 days

Uses low-level light to stimulate healing. Does not cause your tissues to heat up. LLLT is used to treat various musculoskeletal conditions, reduce inflammation, and promote wound healing.

Painless, Quick, Effective, and No downtime. Patients can return to their normal activities immediately after an LLLT session.

Partnered Programs & Insurance Plans

For Singaporeans, Singapore Permanent Residents and Foreigners.
Please speak to our friendly clinic staff about using your insurance plans.


Dr Chiam Tut Fu image

MBBS (Singapore)

MSS (Sports Medicine) (USA)

MMed (OM) (Singapore)

GDOM (Singapore)

DWD (Singapore)

Dr Chiam is a MOH accredited Specialist in Sports Medicine and has practised medicine for over 30 years.

Dr Chiam Tut Fu obtained his MBBS from National University of Singapore in 1990. He went on to obtain his Masters in Sports Science (Sports Medicine) from the United States Sports Academy, graduating as the year’s outstanding student, and Masters of Medicine (Occupational Medicine) from the National University of Singapore.

Key Interests:
  • Non-surgical treatment of sports injuries
  • Non-surgical treatment of degenerative conditions
  • Nutraceuticals for healthy ageing and exercise performance

Need Advice On Your Condition?

Do you have an enquiry about your sports injury or body joint condition? Please leave us a message and we will be in touch with you shortly.


Mon to Fri: 9:00am – 1:00pm
2:00pm – 6:00pm
Sat: 9:00am – 1:00pm
Sun & PH: Closed

    Full Name*

    Email Address*

    Phone Number*


    Your Message*

    By clicking the “Submit” button below, you agree to send your information to Singapore Paincare Holdings Ltd which agrees to use it according to our privacy policy.

    For Quicker Response, Call Us At +65 8218 7971
    Singapore Paincare Center
    Paragon Medical Centre, #18-03
    290 Orchard Road, Singapore 238859